Sustainability of ANIMAL FARMING

According to world statistics, estimated that more than 25 billion livestock constitutes the world's livestock economy. About 1.3 billion people depend on livestock farming for their livelihoods among those counts are 600 million, remain poor farmers. Though livestock farming plays a critical role in the economy, they also give rise to environmental issues as Greenhouse gas emission as they are the key sources of methane leading to global warming and the spread of diseases due to pathogens, usage of chemicals as fertilizers, and pesticides. Methane implies the dissipated energy in the process of digestion due to enteric fermentation.

Methane implies the dissipated energy in the process of digestion due to enteric fermentation. Methane emissions from livestock are estimated to be approximately 2.2 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalents, accounting for about 35% of the total anthropogenic CH4 emissions and 80% from agricultural CH4. Furthermore, the global livestock sector contributes about 75% of the agronomic Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions.

To harness these environmental concerns, we could employ a traditional system dated back years ago with a revolutionized technological advancement, which is just Organic farming. Thereby reducing the corporeal ill-effects and also increasing livestock resilience and productivity.

Disease prevention in organic farming is based on the principle that an animal that is allowed to exhibit natural behavior is not subject to stress, is fed optimal (organic) feed, and will have a higher ability to cope with infections than animals reared in a conventional way.

Is that possible to raise animals organically?

Yes, it is! Organic animal farming could be made possible by the utilization of lower fiber and highly soluble carbohydrate-containing dietary nutritional supplements and feed alternatives. These include fats, probiotics, oils, tannins, nitrates, marine algae, plant saponins (natural steroids), etc., over synthetically produced growth hormones or antibiotics. Thus, the alternative readily reduces methane emissions through a direct toxic effect on the gut microbiome combating serious protozoal infections. Furthermore, providing animals with an improved pasture in the diet possibly could imply a faster, ease indigestion and reduction in methane production.

Organic farming and its revolution in the market

Extra soil- material incorporation is no more required. Guess why! a symbiotic relationship carried out by the farm life and nature rear simple natural processes to combat additional requirements by maintaining the balance in the ecosystem. The feed after exudation can be used as potential organic manure on the Agri land thereby constituting a sustainable living under the initial investment resulting in a large economic output just by recycling and reusing. The manure, properly fed to the soil show enormous significant environmental benefits such as reduced atmospheric carbon emission levels, reduced soil erosion, and nitrate leaching, increasing soil productivity by increased microbial biomass and soil respiration rate.

Studies prove that enhancing the functional diversity of the microbial population is the predominant source of soil nutrient cycling. They coat the soil surfaces the same as crop residues do to subdue erosion. Benefits of livestock manure also include reclamation of soil diversity of organisms which help to improve healthy crop production and naturally suppressing the soil-borne pathogens and pests from causing diseases by promoting the outgrowth of antagonistic microorganisms expanding the nutrient pool.

Production patterns to be considered

Feed - Includes pasture, forage, and crops composed organically. Pasture crops also play an essential role in mitigating climate change through carbon sequestration.

Living conditions - Access to the outdoors with a clean space helps promote health and the natural behavior of the animals.

Health care management - Practicing proper Sanitary regulations influences healthy animal farming.

Waste management - Manure composting is of the one best ways in organic waste management utilizing naturally occurring micro-organisms to decompose soil. Further, the organically produced manure can be used for agricultural farming constituting for Bio-cycle farming.

Organic farming and its revolution in the market

Organic farming could be emphasized as an impactful sustainable approach. Curtailing the exposure to harmful and hazardous and a constant tracking on the growth of organic produce has led to a serious influence on developing the health index of the customer society. Extra soil- material incorporation is no more required. Guess why! a symbiotic relationship carried out by the farm life and nature rear simple natural processes to combat additional requirements by maintaining the balance in the ecosystem. The feed after exudation can be used as potential organic manure on the Agri land thereby constituting a sustainable living under the initial investment resulting in a large economic output just by recycling and reusing.

The manure, properly fed to the soil show enormous significant environmental benefits such as reduced atmospheric carbon emission levels, reduced soil erosion, and nitrate leaching, increasing soil productivity by increased microbial biomass and soil respiration rate. Studies prove that enhancing the functional diversity of the microbial population is the predominant source of soil nutrient cycling. They coat the soil surfaces the same as crop residues do to subdue erosion.

Benefits of livestock manure also include reclamation of soil diversity of organisms which help to improve healthy crop production and naturally suppressing the soil-borne pathogens and pests from causing diseases by promoting the outgrowth of antagonistic microorganisms expanding the nutrient pool. The degree of consumption of organic products and the need for supply is turning eternally so high. Retail chains around the globe are grabbing this opportunity to expand their trade market and revenue. Organic livestock production is oftentimes considered an influential dependence on sustainable rural development. This is because the organic production model creates more emphatic and sustainable externalities than the conventional model. The Organic production system not only builds an income but also encourages the conservation of agro-ecosystems from a long-term perspective.

Organic livestock farming systems have remarkably contributed to low Global warming production compared to the conventional model and depend solely on renewable resources like water and soil rather than non-renewable sources which make organic husbandry one of the ideal alternatives for sustainability and economically reliable as the investment in an organic farm is much lesser than non-organic farm invests.

-by

Ms. H. Heena Shabnam

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